Zinc sulfide is surely an inorganic chemical substance with all the chemical formulation ZnS, one of the common sulfur-containing compounds. Because of its unique physical and chemical properties, zinc sulfide has many applications in lots of areas.
Attributes of zinc sulfide
Zinc sulfide is really a white or slightly yellow powder usually seen in nature in sphalerite. Its crystal structure is formed through the alternating arrangement of sulfur ions and zinc ions, showing a hexagonal crystal structure. In dry air, zinc sulfide is stable and never easily changed. However, when phosphorescent zinc sulfide is exposed to humid air or an environment containing moisture, it undergoes an oxidation reaction and gradually transforms into zinc sulfate.
How will be the crystal structure of zinc sulfide formed?
The crystal structure of zinc sulfide consists of sulfur ions (S2-) and zinc ions (Zn2 ) arranged according to a specific pattern. In the crystal structure, sulfur ions and zinc ions interact with one another through ionic bonds to form a stable crystal structure.
Specifically, the crystal structure of zinc sulfide can be thought of as a sphalerite-type structure formed by alternating arrangements of sulfur and zinc ions. Each zinc ion is encompassed by four sulfur ions in the crystal structure, forming a coordination tetrahedral structure. At the same time, each sulfur ion is encompassed by four zinc ions, forming a comparable coordination tetrahedral structure. In this structure, the interaction between sulfur and zinc ions is mainly through ionic bonding.
Furthermore, in the crystal structure of zinc sulfide, the coordination tetrahedra of sulfur ions and zinc ions are interconnected in a certain way to form a three-dimensional crystal structure. This structure makes zinc sulfide highly stable capable to have a good crystal structure at high temperatures and under oxygenated conditions.
In summary, the crystal structure of zinc sulfide is really a sphalerite-type structure formed through the interaction of sulfur ions and zinc ions through ionic bonding, that gives zinc sulfide a series of unique physical and chemical properties and so has an array of applications in lots of fields.
Synthesis of zinc sulfide
Currently, there are numerous techniques for synthesizing zinc sulfide, and the following are some of the commonly used synthesis methods:
Direct synthesis method: Mix the proper quantity of sulfur powder and zinc oxide, heat to high temperature (about 500 ?), and you can get zinc sulfide. This method is simple and easy to utilize but requires raw materials of zinc oxide with higher purity.
Reduction method: Zinc sulfide can be obtained by mixing the right quantity of zinc oxide having a reducing agent (e.g., hydrogen, carbon monoxide, etc.) and heating to some high temperature. This method requires utilizing a reducing agent; the fee is higher, but it could get high-purity zinc sulfide products.
Precipitation method: Mix the proper quantity of zinc sulfate solution with all the appropriate quantity of sodium sulfide solution, adjust the pH value to some certain range, and acquire white zinc sulfide precipitate. This method is easy to use and can be used large-scale production.
High-temperature self-propagation method: High-purity zinc sulfide powder can be obtained by evenly mixing the proper quantity of zinc oxide powder and-purity sulfur powder and after that heating those to a very high temperature (about 600?) to trigger the self-propagation reaction. This method requires high-purity raw materials and special equipment, but high-quality zinc sulfide products can be obtained.
Applications of zinc sulfide
Because of its unique physical and chemical properties, zinc sulfide has many applications in lots of fields. These are some of the main parts of application:
Zinc sulfide powder is utilized in the following applications:
Analytical reagent: Zinc sulfide powder can be used as an analytical reagent for determining the presence and content of certain substances, such as for fluorescence analysis, colorimetric analysis, photometric analysis and so on.
Fluorescents: Zinc sulfide powder can manufacture various fluorescents, such as fluorescent tubes, monitors, X-ray fluorescent screens and so on. Zinc sulfide powder is commonly used as being a fluorescent material because of its high luminous efficiency and stability.
Light conductor: Zinc sulfide powder has good electrical conductivity and optical properties and can manufacture various light conductor materials, such as solar cells, photodiodes, etc.
Paint and pigment: Zinc sulfide powder has high covering power and coloring power; you can use it as being an additive for paint and pigment, utilized in the manufacture of all kinds of white paint, zinc white pigment, and so on.
Laser materials: Zinc sulfide powder can be used to manufacture various materials, such as laser crystals and glass.
Optical instruments: Zinc sulfide powder can manufacture various optical instruments, such as telescopes, microscopes, camera lenses, etc.
Catalyst: Zinc sulfide powder can catalyze certain chemical reactions, such as alkylation and hydrogenation.
Rubber and plastic additives: Zinc sulfide powder can be used as an additive for rubber and plastic to enhance their properties such as abrasion resistance, heat resistance and aging resistance.
Medical applications: Zinc sulfide powder can be utilized in the medical field, such as to make drugs, medical equipment, etc.
In summary, zinc sulfide powder, a significant inorganic material, has many applications in lots of fields. With all the continuous progress of science and technology, its application areas will be further expanded.
How do the fluorescent properties of zinc sulfide work?
Absorption of light energy: When light strikes zinc sulfide, the zinc sulfide can absorb light energy and convert it into excitation energy for electrons. This excitation energy causes the electrons to jump from the lower to some higher energy level, which puts the zinc sulfide within an excited state.
Emission of fluorescence: When zinc sulfide in the excited state returns towards the low-energy state, it releases the stored energy in the form of emitted photons. This released photon is fluorescence, and its wavelength is more than irradiated light. If trace amounts of activators, such as Cu, Mn, Ag, etc., are added to zinc sulfide, it can emit fluorescence of numerous colors.
Fluorescence luminescence mechanism: The fluorescence luminescence mechanism is mainly made from two processes, namely, excitation and radiation. In the excitation process, zinc sulfide absorbs light energy. It converts it in to the excitation energy of electrons, making the electrons jump from the low towards the high energy level. In radiation, the excited electrons go back to the low energy state, releasing photons, i.e., fluorescence.
To sum up, the fluorescence property of zinc sulfide is made by its absorption of light energy and its conversion in to the excitation energy of electrons, which then releases energy in the form of emitted photons. This fluorescent property makes zinc sulfide have an array of applications in lots of fields, such as fluorescent tubes, displays, and X-ray fluorescent screens.
As being an important inorganic chemical substance, zinc sulfide has many applications in lots of fields. By understanding its properties and synthetic methods, we are able to better use zinc sulfide’s advantages and characteristics and expand its applications in different fields. Meanwhile, the continuous exploration of new synthetic methods and application areas will assist you to promote greater progress in the research and application of zinc sulfide.
Good quality high purity zinc sulfide ZnS powder Supplier
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is really a trusted world wide chemical material zinc sulfide ZnS powder supplier & manufacturer with well over 12-year-expertise in providing tremendously high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including boride powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, sulfide powder, 3D printing powder, etc.
Should you be looking for top-quality zinc sulfide ZnSpowder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry.(email address: [email protected])
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union, and Paypal. TRUNNANO will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
Recent CommentsNo comments to show.